Evolution of human nature: Is self-centered behavior always a selfishness?

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Ketevan Chiabrishvili


Economics as a field of study and as a mindset bears reputation of selfishness. Most probably, this assumption is built upon the reality that humans always follow their interests and make decisions accordingly. This perception is an important part of economics, but may not be considered as comprehensive elucidation. Unfortunately, there is an attempt to present this viewpoint as completely agreed upon and admitted, although this is just a simplified formulation. Moreover, economists are generalized and presented as stingy, rude, cruel people who ruthlessly seek profit and care about no one and nothing but himself/herself.

Not only economists, but also psychologists and sociologists ask the question: is economic selfishness destructive or the ground for progress and evolution?

The article uses a theoretical method of evaluating papers, historical and logical analysis, and comparative analysis methods. Paper revisits the writings of Adam Smith in political economy, where he first analyzes the building blocks of human nature.

In the face of widespread political, economic and social tensions, the motives for human behavior have become difficult to understand. Some researchers assume that Adam Smith believes that humans are driven only by their own interests. The paper views human personal interests as a powerful but not the sole driving force.

The paper consists of abstract, introduction, three parts and conclusion. It follows the following logical path: discusses the psychological nature of economic man; evolution of the concept of economic nature of human; economic consciousness and behavior; and economic costs of selfish behavior.

Economic Man, Economic Awareness, Economic Behavior, Costs of Economic Behavior
Published: Sep 27, 2022

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